Diabetes-Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Who does not fancy a sweet dish after meals, We bet everyone, sweet dishes are the foods that do not need space in the stomach but heart! Well but to go by facts, many people in all parts of India cannot afford to enjoy the luxury of having a sweet dish after a meal. Because of high levels of glucose in the blood or what is commonly known as high blood sugar level, causing the very renowned disease known as Diabetes.
This disease has engulfed 9% of the urban population, and 3% of the rural population in India is also under the influence of this easy to catch diseases. So this is not just a common disease, but in fact, a very grave one as eventually many people are getting affected by this disease. Hence it is important to understand this and avoid it at the earliest.
Type 1 is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks the beta hormones of the pancreas that causes the secretion of Insulin to slow down and even stop in some cases. The damage caused is permanent.
Type 2 diabetes starts with Insulin resistance; that is, your body is not able to cope up with the demand created for Insulin. This is because of low levels of insulin secretion, which increases the levels of Blood sugar.
Gestational Diabetes is a hormone-blocking condition that occurs only in pregnancy when the body is unable to secrete enough Insulin.
Cause of type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes happens when the immune system of the body fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Investigators think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
Causes of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of Diabetes found in humans, and several factors contribute to the causes of this type, which are as follows.
Lack of physical activity: Once a person becomes overweight or obese, they are prone to a lot of diseases because of slow metabolism of the body. Therefore if you are physically inactive, then Diabetes might engulf you too.
Insulin Resistance: Type 2 diabetes has a lot to do with insulin resistance when the liver is not able to churn the fats adequately. Then this disease is at hazardous risk of occurrence.
Family History and Genes: This might be in your genes, it has been experimentally proven that Diabetes can flow from parent to child via genes, and sometimes due to a genetic mutation.
Unexplained weight loss
Itching of the private parts in women
Slow healing of cuts and wounds
Impotence-failure to sustain an erection.
Burning sensations, pins, and needles of the feet and hands.
Diabetes is controlled by use of medicines that can either be:
- Oral blood sugar lowering tablets
- Insulin injection
It is important to note that:
Oral Tablets are used when an individual's blood sugar control is not achieved using the combination of dietary modifications and physical activity/exercise.
Patients currently using tablets to control their blood sugar may at one time in the future need Insulin as these tablets may no longer work in them.
In some cases, tablets or injections may be given at the time of diagnosis if the blood sugar is critically high. I.e., a fasting blood glucose level of more than 11 mmol/L or random blood glucose levels more than 15 mmol/L.
Individuals with type 1 diabetes must be on Insulin for existence.
Myths and Misconceptions About Diabetes
The following are some of the misconceptions and myths regarding Diabetes:
Myth: Diabetes is a disease of the rich
Fact: the polygenic disease is aware of no boundaries and affects all the individuals across the board
Myth: The polygenic disease is that the results of ingestion an excessive amount of sugar
Fact: the polygenic disease is a result of a lack of a hormone that's essential for the control of blood sugar in the body. However, taking too much sugar may lead to obesity and overweight that are risk factors for developing Diabetes.
Myth: Diabetes gets cured after a while
Fact: polygenic disease results from gradual harm to the cells manufacturing Insulin in the body. The damaged cells cannot be brought back to life. Once a private develops the polygenic disease, he/she shall need lifelong treatment that ranges from the diet, exercises, and or with drugs.
Myth: If you look fat/obese you're healthy despite having polygenic disease
Fact: Obesity/overweight could be a predisposing issue for the polygenic disease. To avoid developing a polygenic disease, you should maintain a healthy w
Myth: Diabetes is the result of a curses/witchcraft
Fact: Diabetes is a result of a lack of Insulin that is essential for the control of blood sugar in the body.
Myth: The polygenic disease is cured through prayers since it's brought on by evil spirits
Fact: Diabetes is a result of a lack of Insulin that is essential for the control of blood sugar in the body. Spiritual support enhances good control of blood sugar.